What's flexitarian diet & how does it affect heart?

New Delhi, Feb 25 (IANS): A flexitarian diet, also known as a semi-vegetarian diet, emphasises plant foods with limited or occasional meat consumption. As per a new study, a flexitarian diet was linked with lower cardiovascular risk than an omnivorous diet.

The study, published in the journal BMC Nutrition, underlined the benefits of eating more plant-based foods instead of meat for better cardiovascular health.

The study aimed to investigate the effects of a flexitarian diet on heart health. It involved 94 participants between the ages of 25 and 45 who had been following a vegan, omnivorous, or flexitarian diet for at least a year prior to the study.

To assess the participants' dietary habits and lifestyle factors, questionnaires were used.

Individuals who consumed less than 50 grams of meat per day were classified as flexitarians, while those who consumed 170 grams or more of meat were categorised as omnivores. Vegans, who completely avoided animal products, constituted the third group.

On the day of the study, blood samples were collected from the participants to evaluate cardiovascular disease biomarkers. Additionally, the researchers measured the participants' blood pressure, body mass index, and arterial stiffness during the visit.

The blood biomarker analysis revealed that both flexitarians and vegans had better cardiovascular health than omnivores. Specifically, they exhibited lower levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol than omnivores.

Furthermore, compared to omnivores and flexitarians, vegans showed lower fasting insulin levels, although the difference lost significance when the researchers adjusted for cofounders.

Lastly, flexitarians and vegans had lower metabolic syndrome severity scores, which is a composite measure of various cardiovascular risk factors, including blood glucose levels, blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and weight.



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  • Kanwal, Pakistan

    Sun, Feb 25 2024

    The flexitarian diet is an adaptable way to deal with eating that energizes a fundamentally plant-based diet while considering intermittent utilization of meat and other creature items. The expression "flexitarian" is a blend of "adaptable" and "vegan." This diet stresses plant-based food sources like natural products, vegetables, entire grains, vegetables, nuts, and seeds however doesn't totally prohibit meat or creature items. Here are a few critical elements of the flexitarian diet: 1. **Plant-Based Emphasis:** most of the eating regimen comprises of plant-based food sources, giving a rich wellspring of nutrients, minerals, fiber, and cell reinforcements. 2. **Occasional Meat Consumption:** Flexitarians might incorporate limited quantities of meat, poultry, fish, or other creature items in their eating routine sometimes, as opposed to consistently. 3. **Health Benefits:** The flexitarian diet has been related with different medical advantages, including weight the board, further developed glucose control, and a diminished gamble of constant sicknesses like coronary illness, diabetes, and certain malignant growths. Presently, with respect to its effect on heart wellbeing: 1. **Heart-Sound Components:** The accentuation on plant-based food sources in the flexitarian diet is for the most part connected with heart-defensive advantages. Plant-based eats less are frequently connected to bring down cholesterol levels, pulse, and a diminished gamble of cardiovascular illnesses. 2. **Reduced Soaked Fat and Cholesterol:** By restricting the admission of creature items, particularly red and handled meats, flexitarians will generally consume less immersed fat and cholesterol. High admission of soaked fat and cholesterol is related with an expanded gamble of coronary illness. 3. **Increased Fiber Intake:** Plant-based eats less carbs are normally high in fiber, which can assist with bringing down cholesterol levels and further develop heart wellbeing.

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