Attention Deficiency Hyperactivity Disorder Calls for Attention

Florine Roche
Daijiworld Media Network

Mangalore, Jan 30: One among the many common behavioral disorders seen among children in the recent times is Attention Deficiency/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Though the disorder affects millions of children all over the world many believe that that the disorder has not got the attention it deserves in India and it continues to haunt children and parents alike.

According to the latest survey conducted by Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry in India (ASSOCHAM), the details of which were released recently, prevalence of children diagnosed with ADHD in India has gone up from 4% to 11% in the last six years. The study also reveals that ADHD in children with symptoms of absentmindedness and extra activeness is on the rise especially in cities and metros and is seen more among boys than girls.

The survey titled “Rising number of ADHD kids in metropolitan cities” was conducted by ASSOCHAM for the years 2005 to 2011, says that there has been over 175% increase in ADHD between the ages of 3 to 17. It states that the major causes for this disorder are genetics, diet, social, physical and parental environment too contributing in its own way. The survey was conducted by ASSOCHAM in 10 major cities of India namely Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Chandigarh, Jaipur and Luknow. The study has revealed that ADHD prevalence has increased among boys from 6 to 11 percent, while among girls it rose to 5.5% from 2% over the last six years.

Genes and Environment play a role

If the findings really project the reality, it is certainly a cause to worry as ADHD is a chronic condition that affects children and often persists into adulthood. While there are many factors that contribute to ADHD, it is believed that the disorder is hereditary and genetics are a factor in 75 per cent of the cases. Apart from this, environmental factors such as alcohol, tobacco smoke and exposure to lead in early life and complications during pregnancy are the other contributing factors for the disorder. While genetic factor is something which is not within the control of the parents it is the remaining 25% of the causes on which they need to pay attention and play a pro-active role to prevent the disorder from precipitating.

It is said that the disorder develops in early childhood, starting from as early as 3 years and can continue till adulthood if left untreated or unattended due to lack of quality time given to their kids. The study gives a subtle hint that parents play a crucial role to help such children to overcome the disorder. It is therefore, necessary for parents to keep a close watch on the changes in the behavior of their children over a period of time.

Symptoms of the disorder range from difficulty in concentration for the child, difficulty in making and maintaining friendships and conflictual relations with parents arising out of telling lies, stealing, stubbornness and demanding behavior. Children with ADHD may also suffer from low self-esteem, impulsive behavior, disturbed relationships and poor academic performance in school. However, these children compensate for this by their ability to multi task and are also gifted with high energy levels. Hence despite the glaring shortfalls, the energy they exude often put parents in soup as they fail to notice anything amiss in their children.

Releasing the results of the survey ASSOCHAM Chairman B K Rao stated that their researchers interacted with more than 1000 school children, teachers and doctors and in every class they have found one to three children diagnosed with the disorder. Their study also reveals that children at the age of four are more prone this disorder. Though the disorder may improve with age, it may jeopardize the child’s academic performance and interpersonal relations and will deal a heavy blow to their personality development.

Views Differ

But is ADHD really a problem that calls for urgent consideration or is there a media hype created around this disorder, is a question to ponder over. Dr Venkatesan of All India Institute of Speech and Therapy, Mysore, a Clinical Psychologist has altogether a different approach to the disorder. He says the world over ADHD is just about 1% and the same yardstick should not be used to measure the extent of the disorder in Indian children vis-à-vis children in other countries. He says “we have a tendency to club academic inattentiveness as ADHD which is wrong. Most healthy children are inattentive, hyperactive or impulsive at one time or the other. If a 5 year old child is not able to sit and study but is capable of watching cartoon continuously for hours together it cannot be termed as ADHD. It is normal for small children to suffer from short attention spans or to stick on to one activity for long period. But that cannot be termed as ADHD”.

May be the problem lies somewhere in between. Hilda Rayappan of Prajna Counselling Centre says “there might be an increase in ADHD cases or something similar to that for the simple reason that people now come forward to find a solution to the problem. Many a time parents are unable to cope up with the crisis of handling children who are hyperactive and it may not be ADHD. What is required is the combined efforts of counselor, pediatrician, clinical psychologist, psychiatrists and parents to know whether it is really ADHD and then go ahead with the medication if required”.

The survey of ASSOCHAM Apart, parents need not get unreasonably worried if they see symptoms which may be similar to those of ADHD. They have to take the counselors and their pediatrician into confidence and shower their children with love and care and spend quality time with them rather than opting for the extreme step of medication.


Top Stories

Comment on this article

  • Barbara, Wisconsin

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    I’m with a group called Supporting Emotional Needs of the Gifted (SENG), an internationally-known non-profit organization with a 30 year history of working with schools, the public, and the pediatric healthcare community to assure the social and emotional needs of intellectually gifted children are met.

    We are undertaking a global effort to educate pediatricians and other pediatric health care providers that the recent American Academy of Pediatrics -directed guideline on ADHD doesn't include giftedness.

    The guideline, which was released late last year, extends the range of ADHD diagnosis from ages 6-12 to ages 4-18. But it fails to include the critical possibility that a child’s intellectual giftedness may contribute to symptoms similar to ADHD. The misdiagnosis could result in unnecessary medication and actually harm the child.

    We have developed a group of resources for pediatricians on our website, and through news releases and our global newsletter, we are getting the word out to doctors around the world.

    DisAgree Agree [3] Reply Report Abuse

  • A. S. Mathew, U.S.A.

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    I do agree with SANTOSHA, Bahrain.
    In our restless chase for attaining more material things of the world....the most expensive car and house and everything else
    we simply forget our most important
    responsibility of life to love and
    spend time with out children. So,
    they grow up with emotional
    imbalance, and the medical profession name new diseases and
    the pharmaceutical companies invent dangerous and addictive
    drugs. In the U.S.A., perhaps
    the most popular medical vocabulary for the young generation is ADD (attention deficieny disorder), and thousands of children are put into regular medications of potential drugs.

    There are a few cases of serious
    mental disorders for the children
    and they need medications and

    DisAgree [1] Agree [3] Reply Report Abuse

  • Maymaria, Mangalore

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    My child is diagnosed for ADHD but we knew he was just having Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) but the school teachers of special education dept insist us to get a certificate from any psychiatric and the Psychiatric suggest us to start the child with resperdal which having so many side effect after giving this medicine the behaviour of the child never changed in fact it made him weak He could not walk properly because it is a drug when we showed this medicine we got him back to school and later we stopped giving him this about which the school was not aware in fact we told the school.

    We are still continuing this medicine actually we know that he is gifted child which school have no idea what gifted childens behaviour like. Most of the private school they want special fee and teachers want extra money privately. Today he understand what is adhd and he himself says to us he is normal child and he just copy others.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [11] Reply Report Abuse

  • felix machado, mangalore

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    Whether any medicine is available for this disorder.kindly suggest

    DisAgree [2] Agree [3] Reply Report Abuse

  • Edqard R. Monteiro, Kulshekar, mangalore

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    I agree with the views expressed by Santosha, Bahrain

    DisAgree [1] Agree Reply Report Abuse

  • Agnello, Mangalore /Muscat

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    If we look into our childhood days we can find incidences of few kids who were hyperactive but with low grades, we used to call then 'Poli' and 'Badda' so on and so forth. Teachers used to be frustrated with these children. Now with discovery and information we find that they have had ADHD and hence more incidence levels.Awareness will help the children with ADHD do be better accepted in the society and its good that media is playing an important role in this. Thanks Florine for the article.

    DisAgree Agree [1] Reply Report Abuse

  • tarsem, delhi

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    Are there special schools available in Delhi for ADHD children? If a regular schools does not want the concerned child to continue, what is the remeddy/right available to the parents of that child?

    DisAgree Agree [2] Reply Report Abuse

  • Ruchir Agarwal, Mangalore

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    In some cases only medicines may help such a child .

    DisAgree Agree Reply Report Abuse

  • Dr S Kamath , Mumbai

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    Nice effort Florine Roche
    You have tried to impart knowledge aboutthe ADHD in India .I agree with Dr venkateshan it is just 1% but many of the cases are misdiagnosed as ADHD .Having interacted with thousands of Children in Mumbai I have come to conclusion that Child abuse both within home and in Schools is the cause of poor attention ability in many Children in India .Many parents are not aware what Child abuse is .Increasing money borrowing by Parents which then leads to tension amongst parents leads to violent behaviour by the parents towards their Children because of which they either scold or beat their children .In afluent society the parents are too busy or preoccupied with work tensions which also casues parental tension .Even in school teachers are stressed a little underperformance by the child makes them beat or scold the student which in turn leads to under performance .We in India need a drastic overhaul for Child welfare

    DisAgree Agree [4] Reply Report Abuse

  • santosha, bahrain

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    Its not a rocket science. only cure to this is to have people in householde. have a joint family system. all this is due to current practice of leaving children alone or with babysitters without giving them requiremed attention, love, guidance in early stages like how we got from our partents and grand parents

    DisAgree [12] Agree [35] Reply Report Abuse

  • Alwyn Lobo, Mangalore - USA

    Mon, Jan 30 2012

    If any onw wnts know about ADHD please read this. It is better to know in details and avoid many sorrowfull events in life.

    click the link to know or search in web

    DisAgree [1] Agree [3] Reply Report Abuse

Leave a Comment

Title: Attention Deficiency Hyperactivity Disorder Calls for Attention

You have 2000 characters left.


Please write your correct name and email address. Kindly do not post any personal, abusive, defamatory, infringing, obscene, indecent, discriminatory or unlawful or similar comments. will not be responsible for any defamatory message posted under this article.

Please note that sending false messages to insult, defame, intimidate, mislead or deceive people or to intentionally cause public disorder is punishable under law. It is obligatory on Daijiworld to provide the IP address and other details of senders of such comments, to the authority concerned upon request.

Hence, sending offensive comments using daijiworld will be purely at your own risk, and in no way will be held responsible.